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Aromatherapy FAQ

Base oils

  • What is the difference between a base oil and an infused oil?

    Base oils are precious oils extracted from fruits, nuts and seeds. They have a composition similar to the natural properties of the sebaceous matter of the skin and are rich in essential fatty acids, lecithin, vitamins and vital substances. Infused oils are base oils in which additional flowers and/or herbs have been steeped for several weeks. The infused oils contain not only the active ingredients of the base oil, but also those of additional the plant(s). Infused oils, such as Calendula oil, are particularly excellent for face and body care.

  • I am allergic to peanuts. Should I be concerned about the peanut oil used in certain products?

    Most base oils (if not all) sold at Saffron Rouge do not contain peanut oil. Peanut oil formulated in the products sold on Saffron Rouge are treated with steam and subsequently filtered to completely remove all traces of the proteins that cause allergic reactions. While the likelihood of an allergic reaction to the peanut oil used is extremely low, we suggest you discuss this issue with your doctor before using.


  • How long will an essential oil scent last on stone diffusers?

    When placing 2-4 drops of an essential oil on any stone diffuser the scent will last for approximately two hours before dissipating into the air.

  • Can you burn essential oils?

    Using a candle-style diffuser, mix a few drops of essential oil with a small amount of water. As the flame from the candle underneath warms the diffuser, the scent will release into the air.

  • What oils can I use in a fountain?

    Use only essential oils such as citrus oils, mint or herbal oils. You should not use resinous oils such as Benzoin, Cinnamon Bark, Cocoa, Elemi, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Tolu Balsam, Vanilla, Vetiver as they can cause lasting damage and sticky build up on the fountain pump.

  • How do I figure out what dosage to use in my diffuser?

    Essential oils are supremely concentrated, so less is usually more. When using a diffuser to add fragrance to a room place 2-8 drops (depending on the size of the room and intensity of oil) directly on the stone diffuser; or add to the disk in your electric diffuser.

Floral waters

  • What are hydrosols or floral waters?

    The fragrant water that’s produced during the essential oil steam distillation process, hydrosols (also known as floral waters) are saturated with the scent and water-soluble content of the essential oil. After the oil is separated the beneficial hydrosol can be used for other purposes. They can be sprayed on your skin or hair to refresh and hydrate while you benefit from the aromatherapy.

Pure essential oils

  • How do I use essential oils, and why?

    There are so many ways to benefit from essential oils through aromatherapy.

    For personal care you can apply them topically either by diluting them in a base oil for massage or a bath product, in water for a soothing compress or in a floral water for a beneficial face and body spray. Depending on the type of oil or oil blend you use you can soothe aching muscles, calm frazzled nerves, ease a tension headache or enhance concentration.

    For the home you can use them in a diffuser to create a specific mood or atmosphere in a room, clean or disinfect the air or help provide relief from a cold. They also work to clear your head or stimulate a romantic evening.

  • How do you get essential oils from plants?

    The most popular way to collect the essential oil is through steam distillation. Steam is used to help release droplets of oil. Together the droplets of condensed water and oil collect in a container where the oil floats to the surface (the water part is called hydrosol or floral water). Cold pressing is another method, commonly used for extracting citrus oils. The rinds are ground or chopped and then pressed to release a watery mixture of essential oil and liquid. Eventually, the oil separates and is ready to be bottled.

  • What does the ‘essential’ in essential oil mean?

    Essential refers to the characteristic essence of the fragrance that makes it distinct and unusual.

  • Where do plants store their oil?

    Nearly all the parts of a plant can contain essential oils. However a majority can usually be found in particular regions, depending on the plant. The most well known are the citrus fruits, which store their essential oil in the cavities of the peel which you can usually see with your eye. When you break into an orange peel, the essential oil gets released into the air creating that distinct fragrance. Sage, Marjoram and other labiates store them in glandular hair or glandular scales in their upper skin layer. Laurel plants such as Cinnamon or Cassia store theirs in oil and resin cells. Fennel, Coriander and other umbellifers keep theirs in tubular ducts that only release oil after being cut or broken.

  • What does top note, heart note and base note mean in aromatherapy?

    Cool, fresh and invigorating, top notes, such as citrus oils, only last a short time and can enhance concentration. Rose, Jasmine and other flower oils along with woodsy or spicy scents are heart notes. Known to harmonize and balance, they’re also sensually stimulating and last longer than the top notes. The longest lasting, base notes such as Vetiver are relaxing and grounding. They often come from roots or resinous oils.

  • What does ‘absolute’ mean when talking about an essential oil?

    Referring to the method of extraction, absolutes are very intense scents created when a plant’s essential oil cannot be gathered through steam distillation. Often used for Jasmine, Tuberose, Mimosa and other precious flowers, the essential oil is extracted through a process that involves chemical solvents. They are very potent and only 1 - 2 drops are needed to blend with 50 ml base oil.

  • How do I figure out what dosage to use for essential oils?

    Essential oils are supremely concentrated, so less is usually more. When using a diffuser to add fragrance to a room place 2-8 drops (depending on the size of the room and intensity of oil) directly on the stone diffuser; or add to the disk in your electric diffuser. To blend a facial oil add 5 - 10 drops to 100 ml base oil (including Apricot Kernel, Jojoba or Almond oil). To create a body or massage oil add 10 - 25 drops in 100 ml base oil (Avocado, Almond, Jojoba or Sesame for example). For compresses or a facial bath put 1-2 drops into 2 liters of water. You can create a facial mask by mixing 2-4 drops of essential oil, 2 tablespoons of clay or oatmeal and water to form a paste. In the bath mix essential oils with an emulsifier such as cream, honey, liquid soap or sea salt. For a full bath add 10-20 drops. A foot bath should have 5-6 drops. And to clean your home mix 5 - 10 drops of essential oil in 5 liters of water.

  • How are essential oils absorbed into the body?

    Through the nose the scent is transported into your olfactory mucous membrane sending electrical impulses to the brain, which affect both body functions and emotions. During a massage or aroma bath the essential oils are absorbed into the skin and enter the blood circulation. Finally, some essential oils can be taken internally. However we do not advise this and recommend consulting a physician who is also knowledgeable in aromatherapy if you are considering using essential oils internally.

  • Should I avoid using any essential oils in the sun?

    Some essential oils increase photosensitivity and should not be used before sun exposure. These include - but aren’t limited to - Angelica Root, Bergamot, Bitter Orange, Clementine, Grapefruit, Lime, Mandarin, Orange and Lemon.

  • Why do the same essential oils sometimes smell different?

    Similar to how a type of wine differs depending on the vineyard and year bottled, essential oils are different in quality and strength. As plants are grown with changing and different conditions such as weather and soil, the quality of a fragrance can vary. Only standardized industry oils that are very often treated to be so, continually smell the same.

  • What essential oils should I avoid during pregnancy?

    During pregnancy any essential oils that mimic a hormonal response should be avoided as a precautionary measure. These oils include – but aren’t limited to – Basil, Camphor, Hyssop, Pennyroyal, Sage, Savory, Thuja, Wintergreen, Clary Sage, Rosemary, Juniper, Thyme, Bay Leaf, Tarragon and Aniseed. Always consult your aromatherapist and/or physician before using essential oils when pregnant or breastfeeding.

  • Can essential oils be dangerous?

    Essential oils can be powerful tools so always be cautions when using them. Never use essential oils directly on the skin without diluting in a base oil. Also don’t use them in high concentrations or take internally without the explicit advice of a health practitioner. There are certain essential oils that should never be used under any circumstances. To the best of our knowledge, Saffron Rouge does not offer these essential oils.

  • Are allergies a concern with essential oils?

    People have allergic reactions to many different substances, including essential oils. It is worth testing the essential oil before using it for body care. Blend 1 drop of essential oil with about 10 drops of a base oil such as Almond oil, and apply to the inside of your forearm. If your skin turns red, please do not use this essential oil.

  • What essential oils can be used directly on the skin?

    Undiluted essential oils should never be used on the skin. Always dilute them with a base oil or emulsifier. Please seek the advice of a natural health practitioner before using an essential oil you are unsure about. And never touch the eyes or mucous membranes such as the nose. Essential oils such as Lavender and Tea tree are generally accepted to be safe to use topically, however caution should always be exercised when using any essential oil, common or otherwise.

  • How many drops of essential oil are contained in a 5mL/10mL bottle?

    A 1mL bottles contains about 25-30 drops, a 5mL bottle contains about 125-150 drops and a 10mL bottle contains about 250-300 drops.

  • What essential oils do you recommend for colds and flu?

    To aid the respiration system, try Eucalyptus, Cajeput, Niauli, Cypress, Pine Needle, Silver Fir, Himalayan Fir, Camphor and Ginger essential oils. To boost the immune system try Lemon, Lemongrass, Eucalyptus, Lavender, Melissa, Ravensara, Thyme, Cajeput, Niauli, Angelica Root, Citronella, Manuka, Mountain Pine and Turkish Myrtle essential oils. When fighting a cold or flu the best way to use essential oils is through steam inhalation. Add 1-3 drops of an essential oil to a clean bowl filled with hot water. Lean over the bowl and cover head with a towel or cloth. Deeply breathe, allowing the fragrance of the essential oil to help open your chest and clear your lungs. Please consult with an aromatherapist or physician before using essential oils.

  • What is the “fragrance” or “parfum” listed in the ingredients?

    European regulations require that pure essential oil scents are listed as "Fragrance/Parfum". However all of the fragrances found in products sold on Saffron Rouge are blended with only the purest ingredients and essential oils. No synthetic fragrance or perfume ingredients are ever included.